Funded Projects 1999 - 1996


Robert BonDurant, chool of Veterinary Medecine, UC Davis
Francis Fien, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes
Transmission of Cae Retrovirus Via Breeding Technologies in Dairy Goats.

Daniel S. Chemla, Materials Sciences Division & ALS, LBNL 
Jérôme Tignon, Laboratoire de Physique de la Matière Condensée, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris 
Spectroscope Optique Non Linéaire de Nanostructures de Semiconducteurs.

Gerson Goldhaber, Supernova Cosmology Project, LBNL
Reynald Pain, Universités de Paris VI et VII
Measurement of the Cosmological Parameters using Type 1a Supernovae.

Neil Fligstein, Department of Sociology, UC Berkeley
Rémi Lenoir, Sociologie, Université de Paris I; CSEC-CSE/EHESS, Paris
French Field Theory and American New Institutionalism: Building Theoretical Bridges for the Analysis of Contemporary Politics and Culture.

Patrick V. Kirch, Department of Anthropology, UC Berkeley 
Eric Conte, Université Française du Pacifique, Tahiti 
Prehistoric Polynesian Voyaging and Island Colonization: New Archaeological Perspectives.

Michael Levine, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, UC Berkeley 
Christian Sardet, UMR 643 CNRS, Station Zoologique, Villefranche-sur-Mer
Searching for Muscle Determinants in a Simple Chordate Embryo.

Krishna K. Niyogi, Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, UC Berkeley
Michel Havaux, Dépt. d'Ecophysiologie Végétale et de Microbiologie, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique/Cadarache, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance 
Role of the Xanthophylls in the Protection of Plants from Photo-Oxidative Damage.

Nicholas Paige, Department of French, UC Berkeley 
Christian Biet, Institut d'Etudes théâtrales, Université de Paris X - Nanterre) 
The Literature of Law: Judicial and Economic Culture, 1550-1789.

Shankar Sastry, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley 
Christian Laugier, Projet SHARP, INRIA Rhône-Alpes, Montbonnot Saint-Martin
High-Fidelity Computer Simulations of Medical Procedures.

Tito Serafini, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, UC Berkeley
Alain Chédotal, INSERM Unité 106, Paris 
Neuronal Target Recognition and Synaptogenesis in the Mammalian Brain.

Jonathan Shewchuk, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley 
Marc Daumas, Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallelisme, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon
Floating-Point Multiple Precision Arithmetic for Adaptive Computation and Elementary Functions.

James H. Underwood, Center for X-Ray Optics, LBNL
Coryn Frank Hague, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique, Université de Paris VI
Magneto-Optics of Polarized Soft X-Rays.

Maciej Zworski, Department of Mathematics, UC Berkeley 
Frédéric Klopp, Institut Galilée, Université de Paris-Nord, Villetaneuse
Spectral and Scattering Theory.


Andrew Barshay, Department of History, University of California, Berkeley 
Jean-François Sabouret, Etudes Japonaises, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 
1968: Events and Legacies.

Jeffrey Granett, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis 
François Leclant, UFR d'Ecologie animale et de Zoologie agricole, ENSA-INRA, Montpellier 
Understanding Genetic Variability of Grape Phylloxera.

Mack Kennedy, Center for Isotope Geochemistry, Earth Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 
Simon Sheppard, Laboratoire de Sciences de la Terre, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon 
Origin and Role of Fluids Involved in Active Faulting.

Hendrik Lenstra, Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley 
Leila Schneps, Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon 
Galois Theory.

Xiaoye Sherry Li, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Iain Duff, Parrellel Algorithms Project, CERFACS, Toulouse 
Hybrid Ordering Algorithms for Sparse Direct and Iterative Solvers.

Sharon Marcus, Department of English, University of California, Berkeley 
Karen Bowie, Ecole d'Architecture de Paris Val-de-Marne, Charenton-le-Pont 
Forms of Urban Life in Paris, 1815-1851.

Daniel Neumark, Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley 
Benoît Soep, Laboratoire de Photophysique Moléculaire, Université de Paris-Sud, Orsay 
Time-Resolved Studies of Transition State Dynamics.

Hiroshi Nikaido, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley
Patrick Plésiat, Laboratoire de Bactériologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon 
Characterization of a New Multidrug Efflux Pump in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Gordon Rausser, College of Natural Resources, University of California, Berkeley 
Patrick Rio, UFR d'Economie et de Sociologie Rurales, INRA, Montpellier 
Multilateral Negotiations over Water Management in France and California.

David Robin, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 
Jacques Laskar, Astronomie et Systèmes Dynamiques, Bureau des Longitudes, CNRS, Paris 
Application of Frequency Map Analysis to the Advanced Light Source.

Alistair Sinclair, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley 
Claire Kenyon, LRI, Université de Paris-Sud, Orsay 
Phase Transitions and Computational Complexity.

Mark Strovink, Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley 
Gregorio Bernardi, LPNHE, Universités de Paris VI et VII, Paris 
Search for Supersymmetric Decays of the Top Quark.

David Wessel, Center for New Music and Audio Technologies, University of California, Berkeley 
Xavier Rodet, Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique, Paris 
Gestural Control of Musical Sound Synthesis.


Mina J. Bissell, Ph.D. Director of Life Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
Edmond Puvion, Ph.D. Director of the "Molecular Genetics and Integration of Molecular Function" Unit, Institut de Recherche Sur le Cancer, Villejuif
Regulation of Gene Expression by Nuclear architectural organization: an Ultrastructural Analysis Combining a Unique 3-Dimensional Cell Culture System with Novel Electron Microscopy Techniques". The Project hopes to establish the bases to study the dynamics of nuclear matrix and chromatin inter-relationships in differentiated and related tumor cells. Their goal is to develop, via this initial collaboration, a multi disciplinary research on the relationship between cell-bioarchitecture and gene regulation.

Robert Brayton, EECS Dept., CAD Group, University of California, Berkeley 
Dominique Borrione, Laboratoire TIMA, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble
Multi-Standard Verification Environment for Digital Systems Design. The VIS system of UC Berkeley uses the Verilog standard as an input description language, and the PREVAIL system of TIMA uses the VHDL standard. Both systems integrate CAD tools for the verification, diagnosis and synthesis of digital hardware. The project will implement a link between the two systems, to constitute as a whole a distributed, multi-standard comprehensive environment for digital systems design.

Thomas Broadhurst, Dept. of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley
James Bartlett, Astronome-adjoint, Observatoire de Strasbourg, Strasbourg
Large-Scale Structure and Galaxy Formation", The principal problem in cosmology currently concerns the development of a detailed model for the formation of galaxies and large-scale structure in the Universe. The FBF funds will provide seed money necessary to finance a workshop and exchange visits to begin to develop the new research techniques and tools that will be essential to the interpretation of the impending flood of new observational data in cosmology.

Lawrence Cohen, Dept. of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley.
Marc Abeles, Directeur du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie des Institutions et Des Organizations, Paris
Anthropological Concepts at the Turn of the Century: A French American Dialogue. The FBF grant will be used to help sponsor a conference which has two aims. The first is that of articulating and discussing the programmatic, methodological, and conceptual difference between two national traditions of anthropological research that have drifted increasingly far apart since the 1970s. The second and primary aim is that of identifying and exploring the theoretical and empirical common ground upon which the two traditions might build a more productive and more collaborative relationship in the coming century.

William Danchi, Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley
Jean Gay, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Nice
High Angular Resolution and Mass Loss of Evolved Stars. High angular resolution astronomy at infrared wavelengths holds great promise for solving fundamental astronomical problems from that of diameter of stars, to mass loss around stars, and the formation, evolution, and detection of planets. This proposal aims to further develop a collaboration between U.S. and French astronomers working with the U. C. Berkeley Infrared Spatial Interferometer, the forefront instrument at mid-infrared wavelengths. It will also seed new efforts to develop interferometry in the infrared. 

Ralph Freeman, School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley
Yves Fregnac, Institut Alfred Fessard, Gif-sur-Yvette 
Integrative Regulation of Functional Connectivity in the Developing and Adult Visual Cortex. The aim of this proposal is to study dynamic aspects of adaptative changes in functional connectivity of the visual system at the level of the visual cortex. These changes may be expressed in cortical networks during development and possibly during learning. The linking point of our proposal is that similar cellular mechanisms could be implicated on different time scales in the regulation of functional connectivity. At the integrative physiology level, we well use complementary electrophysiological and pharmacological techniques, and modeling tools, in order to compare adaptive processes in cortical circuits put into play during the natural development of cortical specificity and connectivity, versus those triggered during forced regimes of pre- and post synaptic correlations.

Melvin Klein, Structural Biology Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab.
Jean-Jacques Girerd, Institut de Chimie Moleculaire D'Orsay, Orsay
XAS (xanes and exafs) studies coupled to electro-chemistry of chemical models of the catalyticsite of the oxygene evolving center of PSII.

Paolo Mancosu, Dept. of Philosophy, University of California, Berkeley
Hourya Sinaceur, Institut d'Histoire et Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques, Paris
Bernard Bolzano: Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics. A workshop on Bolzano's work in philosophy of logic and mathematics with emphasis on the relevance of Bolzano's work to contemporary philosophical projects.

Frank McLarnon, Lawrence National Laboratory, Berkeley 
Françoise Argoul, Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal, Pessac
Application of advanced optical techniques for probing interfacial electrochemical processes. The purpose of this scientific project between the Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory is the sharing of our respective expertise in the application of optical methods for in-situ probing of interfacial phenomenon. In particular the techniques which are of principal interest are respectively: spectroscopic and time resolved ellipsometry, attenuated total reflectance (ATR) applied to the characterization of transport in the neighborhood of an electrochemical interface and Raman spectroscopy.

Saul Perlmutter, Center for Particle Astrophysics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Pain Reynald, Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire de la Haute Energie, Paris
Measurement of the cosmological parameters using type Ia supermovae. The collaboration of the two groups will make it possible to obtain a new measurement of Omega m using type Ia supernovae. This measurement will be obtained using a population of more distant type Ia Sne and will therefore end up having a better precision than previous measurements.

Richard Saykally, Dept. of Chemistry, University of California , Berkeley
Claude Leforestier, Lab. Structure et Dynamique des Systemes Moleculaires et Solides, Montpellier
The Dynamics of Nucleotide Base Hydration. The hydration of nucleotide bases is a process of fundamental significance in numerous biological contexts, e.g., replication, transcription, mutations. We propose to study the dynamics of nucleotide base-water interactions using complementary experimental and theoretical approaches.

David Stronach, Dept. of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley
Frantz Grenet, Centre d'Archéologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris
Workshop on strategies for joint archaeological excavation and research in Central Asia and for the development of curricula connected with Central Asian Studies.

Brian Staskawicz, Dept. of Plant Biology, Berkeley 
Ulla Bonas, CNRS-Institut des Sciences Végétales, Gif-sur-Yvette
Identification and characterization of novel genes for disease resistance in Capsicum annum. A collaborative effort to identify plant genes controlling disease resistance will be undertaken in both Gif and Berkeley. Fast-neutron mutagenized seed will be screened to identify disease susceptible plant mutant that will assist in cloning the corresponding wild type genes. This will lead to the identification and characterization of novel genes involved in signal perception and signal transduction pathways that control plant disease resistance. In addition, the two laboratories will share DNA libraries and technology to identify and clone the pepper Bs3 gene.

Michael Watts, Institute of International Studies, Berkeley 
Gilles Allaire, INRA, Economie Sociologie Rurales, Castanet-Tolosan 
Systems and Trajectories of Innovation: Institutions, Technology and Conventions in Agriculture Regulation (French-American comparisons). This project entails a Workshop bringing together French and American researchers working on (sectoral) innovation in agriculture focusing on theoretical and conceptual questions of decentralization/privatization, quality institutional and political contests of regulation and biotechnology.


Ali Belkacem, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley 
Joseph Remillieux, Institut de Physique Nucleaire, et Universite Lyon-1, France 
Production and Study of Exotic Atoms - The project proposes to investigate the feasibility of a novel method that allows a very efficient production of these fast decaying "exotic" atoms. 

John Canny, Computer Science Dept., University of California, Berkeley 
Christian Laugier, Director of Research, Institut National de Recherche et Informatique et en Automatique, Grenoble, France 
This project is aimed at investigating new concepts and techniques for solving complex robotics tasks, at developing a theoretical and experimental framework for physical modeling and dynamic simulation, and at applying results to medical and telerobotics applications.

Alexandre Chorin, Dept. of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley 
Denis Talay, Directeur de Recherche, INRIA, Sophia Antipolis, France 
The principle object of this collaboration is the study of aleatory vortex methods for the Navier-Stokes equations. These methods were created and developed at Berkeley. This research though undertaken at Berkeley has seen new results from France in regard to the theory of stochastic process, notably the propagation of chaos for systems of aleatory particles in interaction. These results have been proved for simplified models and the collaborators hope to apply them to the Navier-Stokes equations. 

Susanna Elm, Dept. of History, University of California, Berkeley 
Eric Rebillard, Chargé de Recherche, Ecole Française de Rome, Rome, Italy 
Boundaries of Discourse: Establishing, Maintaining and Challenging 'Orthodoxy' in the History of Christianity - The notion of "boundaries of discourse" is applied to those conventions of language beyond which one cannot go without risking exclusion from a social group. As such, boundaries of discourse change through history and are constantly renegotiated by the actors. The notion might be used by historians of Christianity as a tool for investigating from a sociological point of view the dynamics connected with establishing, maintaining, and challenging "orthodoxy" within Christianity. All historians of Christianity are confronted with the problem of "orthodoxy". Hence, the project is concerned to build tools in order to deal with this central issue in the history of Christianity. 

Mariane Ferme, Dept. of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley 
Jean-Loup Amselle, Ecole des Hautes Etude en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France 
Imperialism and Identity: Remapping the Cultural Politics of Representation - A collaborative project is envisioned here, with a historical focus on imperialism--understood as the period leading up to , encompassing and following colonialism. This timeframe is sufficiently focused and close to the present to allow for an active engagement with contemporary debates in the cultural politics of identity and representations of difference implicated in these politics. The research of the project's coordinators is centered in Africa, but a comparative dimension will be added by the integration of study groups on the Imperialism in other world regions. 

Syvlia Guendelman, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 
Gerard Breart, INSERM, Paris, France 
A World on the Move: A Comparative Look at the Birth Outcomes of Immigrant Women in France, Belgium and the United States. - The purpose of the proposal is to organize and convene a group of leading researchers and policymakers in France, Belgium and the United States with expertise on the reproductive health of immigrant populations. 

Russell Jones, Dept. of Plant Biology, University of California, Berkeley 
Raoul Ranjeva, Centre de Physiologie Végétale, Université P. Sabatier, Toulouse, France 
Isolation and Characterization of Calcium Channels in Plants - Work in the Jones and Ranjeva laboratories over the past 5-10 years has focused on the roles of Ca 2+ as a signaling molecule in plants. The researchers plan to isolate Ca2+ channels and address the roles of Ca+2 in signal transduction in plants. They wish to exploit recent new discoveries make in Berkeley and Toulouse that will lead to the molecular cloning of the first Ca2+ channels in plants. 

Larry Karp, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley 
Paul Thierry, GREQAM-LEQAM, Université d'Aix-Marseille, Les Milles, France 
Government Policy and Labor Market Imperfections - The purpose of the research is to shed light on the manner in which specific institutional features in labor markets alter the efficacy of government employment policy. Two topics will be investigated. The first topic concerns the affect of employment policy in a market where management and unions exercise (bilateral) market power in the targeted sector. The second topic involves government policy and labor dynamics in a declining sector.

Bradley Moore, Chemistry Dept., University of California, Berkeley 
Pascal Devolder, Directeur de recherche au CNRS, Laboratoire de Cinetique et Chimie de la Combustion, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, France 
Kinetic Investigations of reactive systems by combined laser photolysis/tunable diode absorption spectroscopy and LIF 

Forrest Mozer, Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley 
Raymond Pottelette, Centre d'Etudes des Environnements Terrestre et Planetaires, St. Maur des Fosses, France 
Study of Acceleration and Radiation Processes in Geospace Plasmas - The main purpose of this collaborative study is the investigation of basic processes leading to the acceleration of particles in natural plasma environment and the subsequent generation of radiation.

Hans Ritter, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley 
Barbara Erazmus, Laboratoire Subatech, UMR Universite de Nantes, Nantes, France 
Development of Tracking methods for high-energy experiments - Particular efforts will be put on track-finding strategies especially devoted to an optimal two-track momentum resolution critical for two-particle correlation (HBT) measurements.

Marie-Agnes Stephens, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California , Berkeley 
Gilles de France, Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, Strasbourg, France 
Study of Rapidly Rotating Atomic Nucleus

Hans Wenk, Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, University of California, Berkeley 
Michel Pernet, Laboratoire de Cristallographie - CNRS/Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble, France 
Texture and Anisotropy - The goal of the project is to combine resources to establish an interdisciplinary Grenoble-Berkeley "Texture Focus" and to develop novel techniques with which problems can be addressed that could not be approached before: Property anisotropy evaluation, recrystallization and microstructure, textures of low symmetry materials.